Trade policy and participation in the WTO. In most countries with strong export growth, import protection is lower than in countries where exports stagnate or decline. Looking at trade regimes at large, developing countries, which are members of the WTO, will benefit from the new rules and disciplines agreed during the Uruguay round, both in terms of the security of their access to the markets of trading partners and the transparency and predictability of their own trading systems. Commitments made in their product and service plans also help to imprison trade reforms, giving the credibility of reforms to foreign and domestic investors. However, for developing countries – and LDCs in particular – to benefit more from the benefits of the multilateral trading system, there is a need to increase their human resources and institutional infrastructure in the area of trade policy. To draw just one example from a virtually unlimited list of positive and negative interactions, foreign and foreign direct investment can be provided by providing limited resources in the host country, including capital, technologies and intangible resources such as organizational, management and marketing skills, to support and make national economic restructuring efforts more competitive. As a financial contribution, it can help in the event of balance of payments problems and/or allow for an increase in imports of capital equipment. It can also improve market access for exports of goods and services from the host country by exporting the multinational`s internal exports (MNCs) (i.e.: Exports from subsidiaries of the host country to the parent company or related companies in other countries) and exports by NCMs to international markets. This paper provides an overview of key trends in developing countries` participation in global trade over the past two decades, followed by a brief study of key trend factors for different groups of developing countries, particularly the very different trade performance of most (very positive) developing countries and those of a number of poorer (very disappointing) developing countries. In order to examine the performance of trade at a more dissuated level, two partial comparisons are developed below (a third comparison appears on page 14 of Box 1). The first is to compare a group of countries that experienced above-average export growth in 1985-94 with a group of countries that experienced negative export growth over the same period (see appendix for the composition of the two groups). Provisions for various means of assistance to developing countries (for example. B to meet the obligations of veterinary and plant health standards, technical standards and strengthening of their national telecommunications sectors).
Most OF the OECD`s FDI flows go to other industrialized countries. According to DL stock data, 75-80% of the foreign stock in OECD countries is in other OECD countries. This high rate is not surprising, as the share of intra-OECD exports in total OECD exports also reached almost 75% in 1994. Trade and investment data reflect strong integration in the OECD area. Countries with the highest level of integration tended to experience the fastest growth in output, as did those with the greatest progress in integration.